中南米の一般照明用LEDランプ市場

◆英語タイトル:Latin America General Lighting LED Lamp Market Forecast
◆商品コード:ECAST50202
◆発行会社(リサーチ会社):Electronicast
◆発行日:2015年1月
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◆調査対象地域:中南米
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【レポートの概要】

This study provides a detailed forecast by geographical segments: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela and Rest of Latin America.

Direct from the South American offices of ElectroniCast in Lima (Peru), this is the market forecast of the consumption of light emitting diode-based bulbs (also known as LED lamps) in stationary (non-vehicle/non-portable) General Lighting applications in the Latin America region. The lamps are used in new construction, as well as retrofitting/replacement of existing (installed-based) lamps.

This market forecast is segmented by selected countries and geographical sub-region (Rest of Latin America) and presented for the major lamp-type categories. The lamp categories, in turn, may have multiple sub-categories, which are determined by lamp the physical size of the lamp and/or primary use.

This study report also provides an overview of Standards related to LED lighting; policies and schemes for promoting the penetration of LED lighting; industry trends in LED lighting; sales/distribution channels; and company profiles of LED lighting industry manufacturers are provided. The information is presented in easy-to-follow illustrations and text. LED technology overviews, trends and analysis are presented. Terms, acronyms, and abbreviations used are defined.

【レポートの目次】

1. Executive Summary
1.1 Overview
- Solid State
- General Lighting Stationary Applications
- LED Level Quantified in the ElectroniCast Study
- Countries in Latin America
- 2014-2019 market review and forecast data
- Average selling price (ASP) in US Dollars
- Market/Technology Research Interviews
- Market Product Categories Forecast
- Latin America Market Forecast: General Lighting LED Lamps
- Number of Units: Quantity Market Forecast
- Product life Cycle (PLC)
- Sales/Distribution-Channel
- Market Opportunity Analysis – Market Dynamics
- Latin American Demographic Trends
- Latin America Market Forecast by Sub-Region (Value)
- Latin America Market Forecast by Sub-Region (Quantity/Units)
- Latin America Market Forecast, By Product Category (Value)
- Latin America Market Forecast, By Product Category (Quantity/Units)
- Latin America Market Forecast, By Product Category (Average Selling Prices)
- Latin America Market Forecast Application (End-Users) Categories
- Global Environment Facility (GEF): en.lighten
- LED Lighting in Stores
- LED Light Engine Upgrade
- About Concord from Havells-Sylvania
- Stores adopt eco-efficient lighting with LED technology
- LED Streetlights in Brazil – The R20 Regions of Climate Action
- Chinese LED manufacturers Opportunity in Latin America LED Lighting Market
- Alternative Lighting Technology
- Compact fluorescent (CFL)
- Low voltage tungsten halogen lamps
- IRC Tungsten Halogen Lamps
- Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
- Lighting Control Systems
1.2 Economic Dynamics in Latin America
- Economies in Latin America
- Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Latin America
- Comunidad Andina, CAN
- Mercado Común del Sur (Mercosur)
- Cooperation Agreement with Mercosur
- Union of South American Nations
- “South American Free Trade Area” (SAFTA
- Purchasing Power Parity, (PPP)
- The World Bank Group (WBG)
1.3 LED Lamps & Light Fixtures Used in General Lighting
- Cluster of LEDs in a Suitable Housing
- IEC Terminology
- A19 Bulbs (Consumer-Level Bulb/LED LAMP
- G60 LED Lamp
- LR6 – Downlight Retrofit Module
- Miscellaneous LED Lamps
- LED-Based Streetlights: Complete fixtures (including housings)
- Functional and Decorative Light Fixtures
- Exploratory Study (April 2014)
- LED-Based T8 Linear Tube Lamps
- LED-Based High Bay Lamp/Fixtures
- Miscellaneous LED Lamp Category
- 14.6 x13-inch Light Panel
- Cinema Ringlite™
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

1.4 LED Chips Used in General Solid-State Lighting (SSL)
- Bare (Unpackaged) LED Chips/Packaged LED chip
- High-luminous efficacy white LEDs
- COG (Chip On Glass)
- ESD (Electrostatic Discharge) Protection Diodes for HB LED
- ESD Protection Diodes Specifically Designed for HB-LEDs
- Chip-on-Board LED Technology
- Typical Luminous Efficacies
- 162 lm/W white LED for lighting applications
- 216 lm/W Efficiency
- Single-die LED: 1000 lm at 100 lm/W at 3A
- 200 lm/W Production LED Part
- 303 Lumens-Per-Watt
- Packaged LED chip
- LED Packaged Chip Surface Mount Variations
- High Brightness LED Packaged Chip
2. LEDs – Technology Overview
- Nobel Prize in Physics for 2014 (announced October 2014)
- Comparison: LED to other lighting technologies
- Emitting Incoherent Narrow-Spectrum Light
- GaN/InGaN RPCVD System
- MQWs InGaN/GaN LED / Micro-Mirror Array
- Dislocation density dependent electroabsorption
- GaN/InGaN/AlGaN LEDs Structures: Electroreflectance
- Low Power Consumption: HB-LEDs
- High-power white LEDs
- LED Color Variety – Selected Examples
- LED Chromatic Chart
- Technology Life Cycle
- Color Quality Scale (CQS)
- Varying the current through red and green LEDs
- ESD Protection Diodes for HB LED
- Internal Quantum Efficiency (IQE)
- Sapphire-Etched Vertical-Electrode Nitride Semiconductor LED
- Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Device
- Metal Layer (Thin Film Technology)
- Vertical Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Chips
- AC Light Emitting Diode Technology
- Ultra High Bright LED Chip
- LED Chip Design with Copper Alloy Thermal Conductivity
- LED Chip Design – Sapphire vs. Copper Alloy
- Double-Roughened LEDs Intensifies Luminance
- Ultra-Thin LED
- SSL LED
- 15W & 25W LED Modules
- LED Module with Low-Profile Rectangular Shape
- 247 nm Ultra-Violet Light Emitting Diodes
- 245–247 nm AlGaN-based Deep Ultraviolet (DUV) LEDs
- SSL Core Technologies
- GaN emitting at 520 nm grown by metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy
- Investigation of CdSe quantum dots in MgS barriers as active region in LEDs
- Phosphor Technology
- FpcLeds with Lumiramic Phosphor Technology
- Photonic-Crystal (PC) Structure
- High-K Metal Gate (HKMG) Technology
- Developing a 28-nanometer (nm) HKMG
- Invention: LED Package
- First Mover Advantage
- 4-Leaded RGB LED
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

- GaN-based ultraviolet LEDs with multifinger contacts
- Deep UV (DUV) LED Efficiency
- Multi-quantum blocking raises deep-UV LED efficiency
- Developing the highest output in deep-UV LED technology
- Vertically Conducting Advanced LED Structure
- NSF Award for Deep UV LEDs
- 100mW in the Germicidal Wavelength Range
- Ultraviolet LEDs based on group three nitrides
- 247 nm Ultra-Violet Light Emitting Diodes
- Red LED chips set efficacy record in the lab
- Innovative Red and Green LED Phosphors
- Red Nitride Phosphors Offer Superior LED
- 55-lumen Red LED Chips
- White Binning Space
- Light Generating Device Having Double-Sided Wavelength Converter
- Fabrication Technique Yields Nanoscale UV LEDs
- Technical Fabric – Polymer Nanofibers
- Phosphors are Nanoparticles Made From Silicon
3. LED Lamp General lighting Consumption – Latin America
3.1 Overview
- Globalization – Ecological Issues Driving LED Demand
- Street Lighting
- Advantages of LEDs
- Lighting for Retail Stores
- Preserving Merchandise
- Super-efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) Initiative
- International Energy Agency
- Market Forecast Application Categories
- Market Forecast Product Categories
- G60 and A-Type LED Lamps
- GLS bulb/lamp
- Market Forecast: LED Lamps Used in General Lighting
- Surgical Lighting Applications
- LED-Based Surgical Lighting
- LED Operating Room Light
- Solar-powered LED Aviation Lights
- Starbucks converts stores to LED lighting
- Retail Outlet Lighting
- Meeting Stringent Energy-Use Restrictions
- Visible Light Communication (VLC)
- Free space optical (FSO)
- Li-Fi
- Optical Wireless communication (OWC)
- Visible light between 400 and 800 THz (780–375 nm)
- Li-Fi Maximum Data Transfer Rate
- LED Lighting Enables Location-Finder/Targeting Advertising
- Korean Supermarket Uses LED-Based Li-Fi
- GE Lighting and Bytelight
- Interior (residential and office general lighting)
- Night Club and Stage/Theater and Concert Lighting
- Entertainment & Architectural Lighting
- Color Mixing LED
- Production Lighting: Photography, Film and Video
- Tungsten Light
- Production Lighting (Photography, Film and Video): HMI
- Production Lighting: Fluorescent Photo Lighting
- Production Lighting: LED Lighting
- Broadcast, Videography and Motion Picture LED Marketplace
- Small Rectangle LED Light Fixture (Example)
- Small Circular LED Light Fixture (Example)
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

- 14×14-inch LED Light Panel/Fixture (Example)
- Circular LED Light Fixture (Example)
- Residential Undercabinet Lighting with LEDs
- Linear Lamps
- LED Tube Solution versus the Fluorescent Tube
- Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Lamp Fixture Ballasts
- Cost Justification for LED Lamps in a Manufacturing Facility
- Comparison of Lighting Technologies
- Direct Replacement LED Fluorescent Fixture
- DIP Light Emitting Diodes
- Surface Mount Devices (SMD): Light Emitting Diodes
- DIP LED Manufacturing in China
- Hong Kong
- Taiwan
- Chip-On-Board (COB) LED
- Plastic Enables High Light-Transmission
- Silicone Solutions for LED Packages
- LED Tape Lighting
- High Bay Lighting
- LED Lamp Life
- Advantages of LED Technology
- Applications for LED Based High-Bay Lighting
- Small LED-Based Specialized Flood Lighting
- Explosion-proof LED lighting
3.2 Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR) LED Lamps
- LED-Based PAR Lamps Market Forecast by Sub-Region
- Market Forecast Application Categories
- Critical and Safety-Oriented Applications
- Flexibility of Dimming with Energy Savings
- Retail Store Lighting
- Swimming Pool Lighting
- LED lighting for stage and theatrical
3.3 General Service and Decorative-Style LED Lamps
- Standard/General Purpose Light Bulb
- General Lighting Service bulb/lamp
- Medium Standard Edison screw-type (E26)
- Decorative LED Lamps (Bulbs) in General Lighting
- General Service/Decorative LED Lamps
- Residential/Non-Specific (General Lighting Service bulb/lamp)
- Detailed Excel Data Tables – General Service and Decorative-Style LED Lamps
3.4 Multifaceted reflector (MR) Compatible LED Lamps
– MR Compatible LED-Based Lamps
- Commercial/Industrial to Maintain Lead (Multifaceted reflector (MR) Compatible LED Lamps)
3.5 Linear/Tube LED Lamps
- Linear/Tube and Tape LED Lamps
- DIP Light Emitting Diodes
- Surface Mount Devices (SMD): Light Emitting Diodes
- LED Tape Lighting
- LED-Based Linear Tube Lamps Market Forecast by Sub-Region
- LED T8 Replacement Tube
- Efficient LED Tubes
- Beware of OLEDs
- OLED Description
3.6 LED Lamps: Street-lighting/Parking-Lots/Campus/Parks/Similar
- LED-Based Street Lamps Market Forecast by Sub-Region
- Government to Maintain Market Share Lead (LED Street Lights)
3.7 High Bay and Flood (> = 2500Lm) LED Lamps)
- Typical High Bay Lighting for Indoor Applications (High Bay)
- Metal halide is the dominant light source
- Case Study: LED-Based High Bay Lighting
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

- Replacing 250W Metal Halide Flood Lamps
- LED-Based High Bay and Flood Lamps Market Forecast by Sub-Region
- Commercial/Industrial to Maintain Market Share Lead (High Bay)
3.8 LED-Based Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections
- Specialty Flood Lamps
- Miscellaneous LED Lamps
- LR6 LED Downlight
- General Service: Other Shape (not A-Type)
- Product Example: K4000 Daylight Panel
- LED Product Example
- DMX LED Light Fixture
- LED-Based Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Section Market Forecast by Sub-Region
- Market Forecast, by End-User Group
4. Company Profiles of LED and Related Companies –
List of Companies Profiled
The following is the list of LED manufacturers (and related companies), which are profiled in this chapter.
A-BRIGHT
AbstractAVR
Acuity Brands Lighting, Inc. (ABL)
Advanced Analogic Technologies, Inc. (AATI)
Advanced illumination
Advanced LEDs Limited
Advanced Optoelectronic Technology, Inc.
Aerospace Optics (VIVISUN)
AESYS Incorporated
AIXTRON AG
Agiltron, Inc
Albeo Technologies Inc
Aldridge Electrical Industries Pty Ltd
Alfalight, Incorporated
Alien Energy – India
Allegro MicroSystems, Incorporated
Altair Engineering, Inc. (ilumisys)
Aluwave AB
American Bright Optoelectronics Corp.
American DJ Group of Companies (ADJ)
American Industrial Systems Inc (AIS)
American Opto Plus LED Corp.
Amka Greenergy Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
Analog Devices Incorporated (ADI)
Anton Bauer (Vitec Group)
Apple
Applelec Sign Components Ltd
Applied Materials, Incorporated
Arima Optoelectronics Corporation (AOC)
ARRI Group
Asian Electronics Limited (AEL)
Aspen Avionics
Astronautics
Atmel Corporation
AUK Corporation
AUO
austriamicrosystems AG
Automotive Lighting Reutlingen GmbH (Magneti Marelli)
Avago Technologies (LSI Corporation)
Avidyne Corporation
Avlite Systems (Sealite Pty Ltd)
AXT, Inc.
Aydin Displays (Video Display Corporation)
BAE Systems
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

Bajaj Electricals Limited (BEL)
Barco
Bayer MaterialScience LLC
BioCare Systems
Bivar, Inc.
BluGlass
Bridgelux, Inc
Bright View Electronics Company, Limited
Britech Limited
Carclo Optics (Carclo PLC)
Carl Zeiss MicroImaging Inc.
Carmanah Technologies Corporation (Lightech Electronic Industries Ltd.)
CEMA Electric Lighting Products
CITIZEN ELECTRONICS Company, Limited
Code Mercenaries
Comsight Technology Company, Limited
Cool Lights USA
Cooper Lighting
Cree Inc.
CRS Electronics Inc
Crystal IS Inc.
Cyberlux
Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
Dalian Luminglight Co., Ltd.
DDP Engineered LED Solutions (Data Display)
Dialight Solid State Lighting
DiCon LED
Digital Systems Engineering
dilitronics GmbH
Diodes Incorporated
Diomedics, Inc.
Dionics Inc.
Dixon Tecnology
DOMINANT Semiconductors
Dot Metrics
Dowa Holdings Company, Limited
Dow Corning Electronics
EaglePicher Technologies, LLC
Eastman Kodak
EcoSense Lighting
eGismos Corporation Limited (EOREX)
eldoLED B.V.
Energy Focus, Incorporated (Fiberstars)
Epi-Light Limited
Epistar
Epitech Technology Corporation
Esterline CMC Electronics
Eurotech (Parvus)
Everlight Electronics Company Limited
Evident Technologies
Exar Corporation
Fairchild Semiconductor
FLEx Lighting
Flextronics (Solectron Corporation)
Formosa Epitaxy Incorporation (FOREPI)
Freescale Semiconductor Incorporated
Future Lighting Solutions
Gardasoft Vision
GE Aviation
GE Lumination (GELCORE)
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

General Electric Company
Gentex Corporation
GK Technik
GlacialLight Inc
Global Foundries
Goodrich Corporation
Guangzhou Lovely Lighting Co., Ltd (Hong Kong Lovely Lighting Co., Ltd.)
Hangzhou z-light Optoelectronic Co., Ltd.
Harvatek International
Havells India Limited
Hella-New Zealand Limited
Highlink Technology Corporation (Emcore Corporation)
High Power Lighting Corp. (HPLighting)
Hitachi Cable, Limited
Honeywell Aerospace
Honeywell International Inc
Holectron
HPL Group – India
Hubbell Lighting Inc. / Precision-Paragon [P2] IBM
Illumitex Incorporated
Independence LED Lighting
Infineon Technologies AG
Innovalight
Innovative Solutions & Support (IS&S)
Intematix Corporation
Intersil Corporation
IWatt, Incorporated
JM Solid-State Lighting Limited (Jiuzhou Electrical Group)
Johnson Controls – National Energy Services (NES)
Kenall Manufacturing Company
Keselec India Private Limited
Keyence Corporation
Khatod Optoelectronic Srl
Kingbright Elec. Co., Limited
Kino Flo
KLA-Tencor Corporation
Koito Manufacturing Co., Limited
Kopin Corporation
Kyma Technologies
Kyocera Corporation
LedEngin, Inc.
LED Smart Incorporated
LEDnovation, Incorporated
LEDtronics
LEISO Lighting
Lextar Electronics (AU Optronics)
LG Innotek
Light-Based Technologies
Light Prescriptions Innovators (LPI)
Lighthouse Technologies
Lighting Science Group – LSG
Linear Technology
Lite-On Technology Corporation
Litepanels Broadcast Lighting Division (Vitec Group)
Lowel-Light Manufacturing
LPA Excil Electronics
LSI Industries (Avago Technologies)
Lumex, Incorporated
Luminator USA (FoCon in Europe)
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

Luminus Devices Incorporated (Lightera/San’an Optoelectronics Co., Ltd.)
Lumiotec Inc
Lumitron
Lusio Commercial and Industrial Lighting (LightWild)
Mac 1 Industries
Macroblock Incorporated
Majantys
Maxim Integrated Products
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
Monolithic Power Systems, Incorporated
Mornsun Power
Nanocrystals Technology, L. P.
Nanosys
National Semiconductor
NEC
NEC LCD Technologies, Limited
NeoPac Lighting
Nexxus Lighting
Nichia
Nitek, Incorporated
Nomadics, Incorporated
North American Lighting, Incorporated
NTL Electronics India Ltd., (NTL)
Nualite
Nuventix Incorporated
NXP Semiconductors
Ocean Optics
Once Innovations
OnChip Devices
ON Semiconductor Corporation
Opto Diode Corporation (ITW Photonics Group)
Optomistic Products
Opto Technology
Orb Optronix
OSRAM Opto Semiconductors
OSRAM SYLVANIA
Oxford Instruments
Oxley Group Limited
Panasonic Corporation (Panasonic Semiconductor Company)
Pegasus Associates Lighting
PerkinElmer Incorporated
Permlight Products, Inc.
Peterson Manufacturing Company (Piranha® brand LED lights)
Philips Lumileds Lighting Company
Philips Solid-State Lighting Solutions – Color Kinetics
Phlips – NXP (see separate NXP Semiconductors profile)
Philips Lighting (TIR Systems)
Philips Electronics (Royal Philips Electronics)
Philips: Crescent/Stonco Supply Division (a Philips group brand)
PhosphorTech Corporation
Pixi Lighting LLC
Power Analog Microelectronics, Inc. (PAM)
Power Integrations
ProPhotonix (Stocker Yale)
Quantum Devices Incorporated
QD Vision
RAB Lighting Incorporated
Radiant Displays
RECOM Electronic GmbH
Renesas Electronics Corporation (former NEC Electronics)
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

Ricoh Company, Ltd.
Rockwell Collins
ROHM CO., LTD (Lumiotec Incorporated; ROHM Semiconductor)
Rosco Laboratories
San’an Optoelectronics Co., Ltd.
Sagem Avionics
Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Incorporated
Samsung Corning; Samsung LED Co., Ltd; Samsung Electro Mechanics Corporation
Samudra Electronic System Pvt. Ltd. India
SCHOTT
Scrimsign Microelectronics Limited
Seesmart, Incorporated
Seiwa Electric Mfg Co., Limited
SemiLEDs
Semtech Corporation
Senslite Corporation
Sensor Electronic Technology, Inc. (SETI)
Seoul Semiconductor
Shandong Inspur Huaguang Lighting Co., Ltd
Shanghai Kepsun Optoelectronics Co., Ltd.
Sharp Microelectronics
Sheenly Corporation
Shenzhen Bang-Bell Electronics Company, Limited
Shenzhen Chip Optech Company, Limited
ShenZhen JingHua Optoelectronics Company Limited
Shenzhen Mason Technologies Co., Limited
Silicon Touch Technology (SiTI)
SloanLED
Solomon Systech Limited
Stanley Electric Co., Limited
Steinel
STMicroelectronics
Streetlight Intelligence Incorporated (SLQ)
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Limited (SEI)
SunLED
SunSun Lighting
Supertex Incorporated
Super Vision International (Nexxus Lighting)
Surya Roshni Limited, India
Switronix, Inc.
TD Light Sweden AB (Ahlström Capital)
Tekcore Co. Limited
Terma A/S
Texas Instruments Incorporated (TI)
Thales
The LED Light. Com
Thorn Lighting (Zumtobel Group)
3M
T/J Technologies
TopGaN Limited
Toshiba Corporation
Toyoda Gosei Co., Limited
Translec Ltd
TT electronics Optek Technology
Tyco Electronics (TE Connectivity Ltd)
Tyntek Corporation
Unity Opto Technology
Universal Avionics
Universal Display Corporation (UDC)
UPEC Electronic Corporation
– Tables of Contents / Outline – (Continued)

VarTech Systems
Veeco Instruments
VELscope
VIN LED Lighting (Vishal Group)
Vishay Intertech
Visioneered Image Systems Inc (VIS)
Volpi
Vossloh-Schwabe Optoelectronic GmbH & Co. KG (VS Optoelectronic)
Panasonic Electric Works (PEW)
WAC Lighting
Waldmann Lighting
Wavien, Inc.
Waytronx, Inc
WDM Lighting
Xiamen Changelight
Xicato
Xilver B.V
ZAP grupe Ltd.
Zhuhai PN Power Electronic Technology Co., Ltd
ZMDI (Zentrum Mikroelektronik Dresden AG / ZMD AG)
Zylight LLC
5. ElectroniCast Market Research Methodology
- Information Base
- Bottom-up Methodology
- Cross-Correlation Increases Accuracy
- Nature of the Data; Inventory Change
- R&D (Research and Development); Forecast Lighting Demand Growth
6. Definitions and Standards
6.1 Acronyms, Abbreviations, and General Terms
6.2 Lighting Standards and Protocols
7. ElectroniCast Market Forecast Data Base – Introduction/Explanation of Excel Worksheets – Major Application Categories
o Government
o Commercial/Industrial
o Residential/Non-Specific
- Major LED Lamp Types (Product Categories)
o Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR)
o General Service and Decorative
o Multifaceted Reflector (MR) Compatible
o Linear Tube and Tape (Protected Strip)
o Street / Parking-lot / Campus / Similar (Parks, Walkways)
o High Bay/Flood (>= 2500Lm)
o Miscellaneous LED-Based Lamp and Lamp Sections of Fixtures
- Data Base Market Forecast Sections (Latin American total and sub-regions)
- Tutorial of the Excel Worksheets
- Excel Worksheet – Data Base Explanation
Excel Worksheets – Market Forecast and Data Tables (Addendum file)
- Latin America (2014-2019)
o Argentina
o Brazil
o Chile
o Colombia
o Mexico
o Peru
o Venezuela
o Rest of Latin America
- Value/US$ Million
- Quantity/Unit Volume
- Average Selling Prices per unit
PowerPoint – Market Forecast Data Figures (Addendum file)

– List of Tables –

1.1.1 ElectroniCast Market Forecast Hierarchy Structure: LED Lamp Product Category List 1-3
1.1.2 Latin American Demographic Trends 1-9
1.1.3 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Latin American Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 1-16
1.4.1 Typical Luminous Efficacies for Traditional and LED Sources 1-68
2.1 LED Color Variety – Selected Examples 2-11
2.1 LED Color Chart 2-13
3.1.1 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-11
3.1.2 LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Argentina Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-12
3.1.3 LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Brazil Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-12
3.1.4 LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Chile Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-13
3.1.5 LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Colombia Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-13
3.1.6 LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Mexico Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-14
3.1.7 LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Peru Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-14
3.1.8 LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Venezuela Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-15
3.1.9 LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Rest of Latin America Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-15
3.1.10 ElectroniCast Market Forecast Hierarchy Structure: LED Lamp Product Category List 3-16
3.1.11 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-18
3.1.12 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End-User Category (Quantity/Units) 3-19
3.1.13 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End-User Category (ASP, $ Each) 3-19
3.1.14 Data Transfer Rates: Visible Light Communications (VLC) vs. Other Technology 3-35
3.1.15 List of Applications for LED-Based Visible light Communication 3-35
3.1.16 Calculation of the Cost of Manufacturing Facility Downtime 3-56
3.1.17 Comparison of Lighting Technologies 3-57
3.1.18 Applications for LED Based High-Bay Lighting 3-77
3.2.1 PAR Lamp Designation and Nominal Diameter 3-84
3.2.2 PAR LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By Product Category ($ Million) 3-86
3.2.3 PAR LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By Product (Quantity/Units) 3-87
3.2.4 PAR LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By Product (ASP, $ Each) 3-87
3.2.5 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End-User Category ($ Million) 3-91
3.2.6 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Argentina Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-92
3.2.7 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Brazil Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-92
3.2.8 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Chile Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-93
3.2.9 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Colombia Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-93
3.2.10 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Mexico Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-94
3.2.11 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Peru Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-94
3.2.12 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Venezuela Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-95
3.2.13 LED Lamps Used in General Lighting Rest of Latin America Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-95
3.3.1 General Service LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-111
3.3.2 Decorative LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End-User ($ Million) 3-112
3.3.3 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Latin America, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-113
3.3.4 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Argentina, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-114
3.3.5 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Brazil, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-115
3.3.6 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Chile, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-116
3.3.7 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Colombia, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-117
3.3.8 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Argentina, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-118
3.3.9 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Brazil, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-119
3.3.10 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Chile, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-120
3.3.11 LED-Based Lamps (A-Type) and Decorative Lamps, Colombia, (Value, Quantity and ASP) 3-121
3.4.1 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End User ($ Million) 3-131
3.4.2 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Argentina, By End User ($ Million) 3-131
3.4.3 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Brazil, By End User ($ Million) 3-132
3.4.4 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Chile, By End User ($ Million) 3-132
3.4.5 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Colombia, By End User ($ Million) 3-133
3.4.6 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Mexico Forecast, By End User ($ Million) 3-133
3.4.7 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Peru, By End User ($ Million) 3-134
3.4.8 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Venezuela, By End User ($ Million) 3-134
3.4.9 MR-Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Rest of Latin America, By End User ($ Million) 3-135
3.5.1 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America, By End User ($ Million) 3-145

– List of Tables – (Continued)

3.5.2 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Argentina, By End User ($ Million) 3-146
3.5.3 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Brazil, By End User ($ Million) 3-146
3.5.4 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Chile, By End User ($ Million) 3-147
3.5.5 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Colombia, By End User ($ Million) 3-147
3.5.6 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Mexico, By End User ($ Million) 3-148
3.5.7 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Peru, By End User ($ Million) 3-148
3.5.8 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Venezuela, By End User ($ Million) 3-149
3.5.9 Linear/Tube LED Lamps in General Lighting Rest of Latin America, By End User ($ Million) 3-149
3.6.1 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End User ($ Million) 3-165
3.6.2 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Argentina Forecast, By End User ($ Million) 3-166
3.6.3 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Brazil, By End User ($ Million) 3-166
3.6.4 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Chile, By End User ($ Million) 3-167
3.6.5 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Colombia, By End User ($ Million) 3-167
3.6.6 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Mexico, By End User ($ Million) 3-168
3.6.7 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Peru, By End User ($ Million) 3-168
3.6.8 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Venezuela, By End User ($ Million) 3-169
3.6.9 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Rest of Latin America, By End User ($ Million) 3-169
3.7.1 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End User ($ Million) 3-185
3.7.2 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Argentina, By End User ($ Million) 3-186
3.7.3 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Brazil, By End User ($ Million) 3-186
3.7.4 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Chile, By End User ($ Million) 3-187
3.7.5 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Colombia Forecast, By End User ($ Million) 3-187
3.7.6 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Mexico By End User ($ Million) 3-188
3.7.7 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Peru, By End User ($ Million) 3-188
3.7.8 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Venezuela, By End User ($ Million) 3-189
3.7.9 High-Bay Lamps in General Lighting Rest of Latin America, By End User ($ Million) 3-189
3.8.1 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, By End User ($ Million) 3-204
3.8.2 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Argentina, By End User ($ Million) 3-205
3.8.3 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Brazil, By End User ($ Million) 3-205
3.8.4 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Chile, By End User ($ Million) 3-206
3.8.5 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Colombia, By End User ($ Million) 3-206
3.8.6 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Mexico Forecast, By End User ($ Million) 3-207
3.8.7 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Peru, By End User ($ Million) 3-207
3.8.8 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Venezuela, By End User ($ Million) 3-208
3.8.9 Miscellaneous Lamps in General Lighting Rest of Latin America, By End User ($ Million) 3-208
7.1 ElectroniCast Market Forecast Database Product Category Hierarchy List 7-2
7.2 ElectroniCast Market Forecast Database Application Category Hierarchy List 7-3


– List of Figures –

1.1.1 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast (Value Basis, $ Million) 1-4
1.1.2 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast (Quantity Basis, Million/Units) 1-5
1.1.3 Product Life Cycle (PLC) 1-6
1.1.4 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast, by Sub-Region ($ Million) 1-10
1.1.5 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast, by Sub-Region (Million/Units) 1-11
1.1.6 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast, by Product ($ Million) 1-13
1.1.7 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast, by Product (Million/Units) 1-14
1.1.8 LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast, by Product (ASP, $, each) 1-15
1.1.9 Retail Lighting with Energy-Efficient LEDs 1-19
1.1.10 LED Light Engine Upgrade 1-20
1.1.11 Retail Lighting with Energy-Efficient LEDs in Brazil 1-22
1.1.12 LED Street Lights with Solar Panels in Chile 1-23
1.1.13 LED Street Lights with Solar Panels in Venezuela 1-24
1.1.14 LED-Based Displays in Brazil (2014 World Cup) 1-27
1.3.1 A19 Bulbs (Consumer-Level Bulb/LED Lamp) 1-43
1.3.2 LED Light Bulb (Cool White): A-Type Bulb 1-44
– List of Figures – (Continued)

1.3.3 LED-Based G60 Lamp 1-45
1.3.4 LED Lamp – Down-light Retrofit Module 1-46
1.3.5 Miscellaneous LED Lamps 1-47
1.3.6 Complete Fixture and Replacement Bulb - Streetlight (Lamp) 1-48
1.3.7 Samples of Lighting Fixture Types 1-50
1.3.8 LED-Based T8 Linear Tube Lamps 1-56
1.3.9 LED-Based High Bay Lamp/Fixtures 1-57
1.3.10 Hazardous Location Lighting (Class 1, Division 2) 1-58
1.3.11 LED Panel Light with Adjustable Color, Built in Dimmer 1-59
1.3.12 19-Inch LED Ring Light Fixture Set 1-60
1.4.1 Diagram of a typical LED chip 1-61
1.4.2 Diagram of a typical LED chip 1-62
1.4.3 LED Chip Cross-Sectional Structure 1-63
1.4.4 Chip On Glass Cross-Sectional Structure 1-64
1.4.5 ESD Protection Diodes 1-65
1.4.6 Electrostatic Discharge Example 1-66
1.4.7 Chip-on-Board LED Technology 1-67
1.4.8 Single-die LED: 1000 lm at 100 lm/W at 3A 1-70
1.4.9 Four-die LED with Primary Optics 1-71
1.4.10 LED Packaged Chip/Bulb 1-72
1.4.11 LED Packaged Chips/Bulbs 1-73
1.4.12 LED Packaged Chip/Bulb Surface Mount Variations 1-74
1.4.13 LED Packaged Chip/Bulb 1-75
1.4.14 High Brightness LED Packaged Chip/Bulb 1-76
2.1 RPCVD Process Equipment 2-6
2.2 LED Chromatic Chart 2-12
2.3 Evolution of Research Emphasis During Technology Life Cycle 2-14
2.4 LED Chip: Metal Layer (Thin Film Technology) 2-20
2.5 Vertical LED Chip 2-21
2.6 AC LED Technology on a Wafer 2-22
2.7 Ultra High Bright LED Chip 2-23
2.8 LED Chip Design with Copper Alloy Thermal Conductivity 2-24
2.9 LED Chip Design – Sapphire vs. Copper Alloy 2-25
2.10 Ultra-Thin LED 2-27
2.11 Solid-State Lighting LED 2-28
2.12 LED Module with High Light Quality 2-29
2.13 LED Module with Low-Profile Rectangular Shape 2-30
2.14 Lumiramic Phosphor Technology: Thin Film Flip Chip (TFFC) technology 2-33
2.15 Next-Generation Light Emitting Diode Module 2-40
2.16 4-Leaded RGB LED 2-42
2.17 Basic Structure of a Deep-UV Light-Emitting Diode 2-46
2.18 Vertically Conducting Advanced LED Structure 2-47
2.19 AlGaInP LED Efficacy 2-49
2.20 Red Nitride Phosphors 2-51
3.1.1 World Map – Cooperation on Reducing GHG Emissions 3-2
3.1.2 LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting 3-22
3.1.3 LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting 3-24
3.1.4 LED-Based Operating Theater Lighting 3-25
3.1.5 LED-Based Airfield Runway Edge Lighting (Solar Powered) 3-29
3.1.6 LED-Based Solar Powered Airfield Light 3-30
3.1.7 LED-Based Lighting: Starbucks 3-32
3.1.8 Retail Lighting Application Using Visual Light Communications (VLC) 3-36
3.1.9 LED Technology for Stage Lighting 3-39
3.1.10 Entertainment & Architectural Lighting: Multiple Color LED in a Surface-Mount (SMT) Package 3-40
3.1.11 Color Mixer Reflector for LED Technology Lighting 3-41
3.1.12 Production-Lighting: Small Rectangle LED Light Fixture 3-47
3.1.13 Production Lighting: 8.3-inch LED Circular Spot 3-48
3.1.14 Production Lighting: 14x14-inch LED Light Panel 3-49
3.1.15 Production Lighting: LED Circular Fresnel Spot Fixtures 3-50
3.1.16 LED Technology for Under-Cabinet Lighting 3-52
– List of Figures – (Continued)

3.1.17 LED-Based Linear Lamps used in Warehousing Application 3-53
3.1.18 48-inch Fluorescent Replacement Style LED Light Fixture 3-58
3.1.19 DIP T8 – Linear Tube Lamps With Plastic End-Caps 3-61
3.1.20 SMD T8 and T5 – LED Linear Tube Lamps With Plastic End-Caps 3-62
3.1.21 DIP-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Plastic End-Caps 3-65
3.1.22 DIP-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Metal End-Caps 3-66
3.1.23 SMD-Type LED Linear Tube Lamps with Metal End-Caps 3-67
3.1.24 SMD-Type High-Output LED Linear Tube Lamps with Plastic End-Caps 3-68
3.1.25 Chip-On-Board (COB) LED 3-69
3.1.26 Silicone Encapsulant and Silicone Lens in LEDs 3-71
3.1.27 Silicone Products for LED Lamps 3-72
3.1.28 Silicone Products for LED Streetlamps 3-73
3.1.29 LED Tape Light available in Peru 3-75
3.1.30 LED Based High Bay Luminaire 3-77
3.1.31 LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lighting in Cold Storage Area Facility 3-78
3.1.32 Small LED-Based Specialized Flood Lighting 3-79
3.1.33 Explosion-Proof Lighting 3-81
3.1.34 LED Explosion Proof General-Area Light 3-82
3.1.35 LED Explosion Proof Gas Station Lights 3-83
3.2.1 LED-Based PAR 30 Lamp 3-85
3.2.2 LED-Based PAR Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region ($ Million) 3-88
3.2.3 LED-Based PAR Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region (Quantity) 3-89
3.2.4 LED-Based PAR Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region (ASP, $) 3-90
3.2.5 LED PAR56 Underwater Illuminator 3-98
3.3.1 General Service LED-based Lamp (A-Style Bulb Category) 3-102
3.3.2 General Service LED-based Lamp (A-Style Bulb Category) 3-103
3.3.3 LED-Based Bulb A21-Type; Base Medium Screw (E26) in Retail Package 3-104
3.3.4 Decorative (Candle-Style) LED-based Lamp (C-Style Bulb Category) 3-105
3.3.5 General Service/Decorative LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast ($ Million) 3-107
3.3.6 Gen. Service/Dec. LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region ($ Million) 3-108
3.3.7 Gen. Service/Dec. LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region (Quantity) 3-109
3.3.8 Gen. Service/Dec. LED Lamps in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region (ASP, $) 3-110
3.4.1 1W 12V GU5.3 / 2 Pin MR16 LED Replacement Lamp 3-123
3.4.2 MR Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Product ($ Million) 3-124
3.4.3 MR Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Product (Quantity) 3-125
3.4.4 MR Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Product (ASP, $) 3-126
3.4.5 MR Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region ($ Million) 3-127
3.4.6 MR Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Product (Quantity) 3-128
3.4.7 MR Compatible LED Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Product (ASP, $) 3-129
3.5.1 LED Linear Tube Lamps/Tape in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Product ($ Million) 3-139
3.5.2 LED Linear Tube Lamps/Tape in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Product (Quantity) 3-140
3.5.3 LED Linear Tube Lamps/Tape in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Product (ASP, $) 3-141
3.5.4 Linear Tube LED Lamps/Tape in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region ($ Million) 3-142
3.5.5 Linear Tube LED Lamps/Tape in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region (Quantity) 3-143
3.5.6 Linear Tube LED Lamps/Tape in General Lighting Latin America Forecast by Sub-Region (ASP, $) 3-144
3.5.7 Linear Tube T8 LED Lamp 3-151
3.5.8 Linear Tube T8 LED Lamp 3-153
3.5.9 LED Tape (Strip) Light 3-154
3.6.1 LED Street Lamps Undergoing Test Operations 3-157
3.6.2 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast ($ Million) 3-159
3.6.3 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast (Quantity) 3-160
3.6.4 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Market Forecast (ASP, $ each) 3-161
3.6.5 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, by Sub-Region ($ Million) 3-162
3.6.6 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, by Sub-Region (Quantity) 3-163
3.6.7 LED Street Lamps in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, by Sub-Region (ASP, $) 3-164
3.7.1 LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lighting 3-171
3.7.2 LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lighting at Warehouse Facility 3-173
3.7.3a LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lamp 3-174
3.7.3b LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lamp and Fixture 3-175
3.7.3c LED-Based Specialty (Type) High Bay Lighting in Facilities 3-176
– List of Figures – (Continued)

3.7.4a LED-Based Specialty (Type) Flood Lighting 3-177
3.7.4b LED-Based Specialty (Type) Flood Lighting 3-178
3.7.5 LED-Based High Bay and Flood in General Lighting Latin America Forecast ($ Million) 3-179
3.7.6 LED-Based High Bay and Flood in General Lighting Latin America Forecast (Quantity) 3-180
3.7.7 LED-Based High Bay and Flood in General Lighting Latin America Forecast (ASP, $) 3-181
3.7.8 LED-Based High Bay and Flood in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast, Sub-Region ($ Million) 3-182
3.7.9 LED-Based High Bay and Flood in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast, Sub-Region (Quantity) 3-183
3.7.10 LED-Based High Bay and Flood in General Lighting Latin America Forecast, Sub-Region (ASP, $) 3-184
3.8.1 Small LED-Based Specialized Flood Lighting 3-191
3.8.2 Other Type (Miscellaneous) of LED Lamp LED Round Panel Lights 3-192
3.8.3 General Service: Other Shape (not A-Type) 3-193
3.8.4 LED “Corn” Lamp 3-194
3.8.5 Daylight Studio Panel Light with 400 LEDs 3-195
3.8.6 LED Light Fixture System 3-196
3.8.7 DMX LED Light Fixture 3-197
3.8.8 LED Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections in General Lighting Latin America Forecast ($ Million) 3-198
3.8.9 LED Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections in General Lighting Latin America Forecast (Quantity) 3-199
3.8.10 LED Miscellaneous Lamps/Lamp Sections in General Lighting Latin America Forecast (ASP, $) 3-200
3.8.11 LED Misc. Lamps/Lamp Sections in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast, Sub-Region ($ Million) 3-201
3.8.12 LED Misc. Lamps/Lamp Sections in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast, Sub-Region (Quantity) 3-202
3.8.13 LED Misc. Lamps/Lamp Sections in Gen. Lighting Latin America Forecast, by Sub-Region (ASP, $) 3-203
4.1 PCB Assembly 4-24
4.2 LED Backlit Display 4-27
4.3 Rugged Touch Screen with NVIS Capability 4-43
4.4 High Performance Materials used for Functional Parts in LED Luminaries 4-45
4.5 LED Down light with 102 Lumens per Watt Fixture 4-59
4.6 LED Lighting Military Solutions 4-61
4.7 LED Lighting in Railway Station 4-64
4.8 4-inch x 4.7-inch Round Light/Fixture 4-68
4.9 Dense Matrix LED / LED-Based Light Source 4-69
4.10 Silicone Encapsulant and Silicone Lens in LEDs 4-78
4.11 Silicone Products for LED Lamps 4-79
4.12 Silicone Products for LED Streetlamps 4-80
4.13 LED Technology Safelight Design 4-82
4.14 NVIS/LED Control Panel 4-89
4.15 Integrated Weapons Delivery System 4-90
4.16 Cockpit Modular Display/Panel 4-99
4.17 Cockpit Large Area Display 4-100
4.18 Traffic Lamp LED 4-107
4.19 High Power LED Lamp 4-108
4.20 Surface Mount Type LED 4-109
4.21 Surface Mount Type LED 4-113
4.22 Exterior Aircraft LED Lighting 4-117
4.23 LED/CCD Barcode Readers 4-133
4.24 Surface-Mount Multi-layer Ceramic Packages 4-138
4.25 LED Linear Optical Array 4-144
4.26 Solid-State NVIS Lamps 4-156
4.27 Nanostructures Designed for Different Color Emission 4-164
4.28 LED Array Lighting – Lamp 4-171
4.29 Light-Measurement Device 4-180
4.30 Solid-State Lighting (SSL) LED: Replacement for Halogen Lamp in Spotlights 4-187
4.31 Assorted LED Lighting Profile Devices 4-193
4.32 Federal Lighting Location Requirements for Buses 4-196
4.33 LED-Based Digital Billboard (Signage/Display) 4-208
4.34 Diagram of Backlight LED Drivers 4-211
4.35 Diagram of Multifunction Backlight LED Drivers 4-212
4.36 Diagram of White Backlight LED Drivers 4-213
4.37 Diagram White Backlight LED Drivers 4-214
4.38 Rotary Wing Aircraft Cockpit Display 4-216
4.39 Ultra-Thin LED 4-229
– List of Figures – (Continued)

4.40 Quality Management System in LED Manufacturing 4-233
4.41 Military and Harsh-Environment LEDs 4-255
4.42 LED Street Lights 4-270
5.1 ElectroniCast Market Research & Forecasting Methodology 5-3


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